Kent Klitgaard

Professor of Economics
"Anyone who believes that an economy can grow exponentially inside a finite planet is either a madman or an economist."
Macmillan 315

Professor Klitgaard's primary teaching and research interest is ecological economics: conceptualizing the economy as a subsystem of a larger biophysical system. He is also interested in the history of economic analysis, economic history, progressive economic theory (known as political economy), and the interrelation of technological change and the organization of work.


1974 B.A. San Diego State University
1979 M.S. University of New Hampshire
1987 Ph.D. University of New Hampshire

Select Publications

Klitgaard, Kent 2013. The failed growth economy, stagnation, and biophysical limits to growth. International Journal of Social Science Research. 1(1): 140-157.

Klitgaard, Kent. 2013. Heterodox political economy and the degrowth perspective. Sustainability. 5: 276-297.

Klitgaard, Kent and Krall, Lisi. 2012. Ecological economics, degrowth, and institutional change. Ecological Economics. 84: 247-253.

Hall, CAS and Klitgaard, Kent. 2011. Energy and the Wealth of Nations. New York: Springer.

Lisi Krall and Kent Klitgaard. 2011. Ecological economics and institutional change in Ecological Economic Reviews. Robert Costanza, Karin Limburg, & Ida Kubiszewski. Eds. Annals of the New York Academy of Science 1219: 185-196.

Gowdy, John, Hall, C. A. S, Klitgaard, K. A., and Krall, M. 2010. What every conservation biologist should know about economic theory. Conservation Biology. 24(5).

Gowdy, John, Klitgaard, K. A., and Krall, M. 2010. Capital and sustainability. The Corporate Reporter. 37(4-5): 27-30.

Gowdy, John, Hall, C. A. S., Klitgaard, K. A., and Krall, M. 2010. The end of faith-based economics. The Corporate Reporter. 37(4-5): 5-12.

Klitgaard, K. A. 2006. Comparative advantage in the age of globalization. International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic, and Social Sustainability. 1(3): 123-130.

Hall, C. A. S. and Klitgaard, K. A. 2006. The need for a new, biophysically-based paradigm in economics for the second half of the age of oil. International Journal of Transdisciplinary Research. 1(1): 4-22.

Courses Taught

Energy and the Economy
The Political Economy of Globalization
Principles of Microeconomics
Principles of Macroeconomics
Sustainability and the State of the World (Freshman Seminar)
Political Economy
Technology and the Labor Process
Intermediate Microeconomics
Environmental Economics
Ecological Economics
History of Economic Analysis
Senior Seminar

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